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News - Oxford English Dictionary added four new words to the dictionary - woke', 'post-truth', 'zyzzyva' and 'hygge'.

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Oxford Dictionary added 4 new words to the dictionary.

Reflecting the current political situation, especially in the US, the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) now includes the words 'woke', 'post-truth', 'zyzzyva' and 'hygge'.

Here's the new meaning of 'woke':

  • Most of the people are familiar with the word 'woke' which is the past tense of the word 'wake' that refers to awakening after sleep. Now, the word has got a new meaning-that of being 'aware' or 'well informed' in a political or cultural sense.

Here's what The Oxford English Dictionary said:

The Oxford English Dictionary said on a statement on its website, "By the mid-20th century, 'woke' had been extended figuratively to refer to being 'aware' or 'well informed' in a political or cultural sense. In the past decade, that meaning has been catapulted into mainstream use."
The Oxford English Dictionary also says: "In the past decade, that meaning [of woke] has been catapulted into mainstream use with a particular nuance of 'alert to racial or social discrimination and injustice', popularised through the lyrics of the 2008 song 'Master Teacher' by Erykah Badu, in which the words 'I stay woke' serve as a refrain, and more recently through its association with the Black Lives Matter movement, especially on social media."

'Post-truth'-Oxford Word of the Year 2016 :

'Post-truth' was previously chosen as Oxford's 2016 word of the year. It means "relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping political debate or public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief."
The use of the prefix 'post' while forming words denotes that the concept denoted by that particular word has become unimportant or irrelevant. Earlier words using the prefix 'post' in this fashion include 'post-national' and 'post-racial' in the Oxford Dictionary.

'Hygge' of Danish origin :

The other one is 'Hygge', which refers to the recent trend around Danish culture for simple pleasures such as food and warmth and friends creating a feeling of comfort and cosiness.

Zyzzyva-the last word

'Zyzzyva' is a tropical weevil native to South American which is usually found on or near palm trees. Now this word will make the last alphabetical entry in the dictionary, where earlier it was 'zythum', a kind of malt beer brewed in ancient Egypt.



Source: http://indiatoday.intoday.in/education/

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