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Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) 2023


CLAT 2023
(Common Law Admission Test)
For Admissions to Undergraduate (UG) and Postgraduate (PG) Law Programmes
Organized by:
The Consortium of National Law Universities

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a National Level Entrance Exam for admissions to Undergraduate (UG) and Postgraduate (PG) Law Programmes offered by 22 National Law Universities in India.

CLAT is organized by the Consortium of National Law Universities, comprising representative universities.

Several affiliate universities and organisations also use the CLAT exam for admissions and recruitment respectively.

All admissions to the 5-year integrated LL.B. and LL.M. programmes that commence in the Academic Year 2023-2024 shall be through the CLAT 2023.

Important Events

Applications Open 08.08.2022
Release of First Sample Question Set September, 2022
First Open Campus Visit day for registered candidates September, 2022
Release of Second Sample Question Set 14.10.2022
Second Open Campus Visit day for registered candidates 22.10.2022
Last Date for receiving applications 13.11.2022
Release of Third Sample Question Set November, 2022
CLAT 2023 Exam Date 18.12.2022

Under Graduate

    + Eligibility

    • There is be no upper age limit for candidates appearing for UG Programme through the CLAT 2023.
    • Candidates must secure the following minimum percentage of marks in their qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2 or an equivalent examination):
      • Forty five percent (45%) marks or its equivalent grade in case of candidates belonging to General / OBC / PWD / NRI / PIO / OCI categories
      • Forty Percent (40%) marks or equivalent in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.
    • Candidates who may be appearing for their qualifying examination in March/April, 2023 are also eligible to appear for the CLAT 2023 examination. However, they shall be required to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission, failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
    • The result of the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2) shall be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission, failing which the candidate shall be ineligible for admission to the course they may have applied for.
    • If more than one candidate secures an equal number of marks in the CLAT 2023, the break of tie shall be by the following procedure and order as under:
      • Higher marks in the component/section on Legal Aptitude in the CLAT 2023 exam;
      • Higher age;
      • Computerised draw of lots.

    + Syllabus & Guide

    The UG-CLAT 2023 would focus on evaluating the comprehension and reasoning skills and abilities of candidates. Overall, it is designed to be a test of aptitude and skills that are necessary for a legal education rather than prior knowledge, though prior knowledge occasionally may be useful to respond to questions in the Current Affairs section.

    The UG-CLAT 2023 shall be a 2-hour test, with 150 multiple-choice questions carrying 1 mark each. There shall be negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer. These questions would be divided across the following 5 subjects:
    • English Language
    • Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
    • Legal Reasoning
    • Logical Reasoning
    • Quantitative Techniques

    English Language
    In this section of the UG-CLAT 2023, you will be provided passages of about 450 words each. These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing, and would be of a standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes.

    Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your comprehension and language skills, including your abilities to:
    • Read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;
    • Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage;
    • Summarise the passage;
    • Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage and
    • Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.

    Current Affairs Including General Knowledge
    In this section, you will be provided passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage.

    Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including:
    • Contemporary events of significance from India and the world;
    • Arts and culture;
    • International affairs and
    • Historical events of continuing significance.

    Legal Reasoning
    In this section, you will be expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. You will not require any prior knowledge of law. You will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios.

    Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require you to:
    • Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage;
    • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations; and
    • Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.

    Logical Reasoning
    The Logical Reasoning section of the UG-CLAT 2023 will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require you to:
    • Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions;
    • Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;
    • Critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
    • Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;
    • Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.

    Quantitative Techniques
    The Quantitative Techniques section of the UG-CLAT 2023 will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. You will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information.

    The questions will require you to:
    • Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations and
    • Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.

    Preparing for the UG-CLAT 2023
    The Consortium plans to publish various preparatory materials for the UG-CLAT 2023, including:
    • Guides to the question paper and sample questions;
    • Model question papers and
    • Instructional materials and exercises for each of the subjects that the UG-CLAT 2022 comprises.
    The Consortium will also provide candidates who have successfully completed their application to the UG-CLAT 2023 access to a learning platform where you may access the preparatory materials described above, as well as your scores on various exercises and model question papers.

    In addition, you should develop your capacity to read and understand bodies of text, ensure you stay abreast of news and current affairs by regularly reading quality newspapers and periodicals, and improve your speed of answering questions on quantitative techniques by practising with materials such as 10th standard mathematics textbooks.

    + Question Paper Format

    Maximum Marks 150
    Duration of CLAT 2023 Exam 02:00 Hours
    Multiple-Choice Questions 150 questions of one mark each
    Negative Marking 0.25 Mark for each wrong answer
    Subject Areas with weightage: (approximate number of questions)
    English Language 28-32 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
    Current Affairs, including General Knowledge 35-39 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
    Legal Reasoning 35-39 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
    Logical Reasoning 28-32 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
    Quantitative Techniques 13-17 questions, or roughly 10% of the paper

    + Instructions

    General Instructions
    • The CLAT 2023 examination will be held in OFFLINE mode
    • The applications have to be submitted ONLINE only from consortiumofnlus.ac.in website.
    • The date of examination is scheduled on 18th December, 2022 from 2 PM to 4 PM. (Subject to revision in case of necessity)
    • Indian Nationals/NRIs/PIO/OCI seeking admission in either of the UG programmes shall appear in CLAT 2023.
    • Foreign Nationals need not appear for the test
    • For any information relating to the 22 NLUs, the candidate may refer to the e-brochure of the respective Institutions available in the Consortium website.
    • For NRI/NRI Sponsored/Foreign National seats, the applicants are advised to refer to the e-brochures as well as the websites of the respective NLUs for more details. All NRI Category candidates have to appear for the CLAT 2023 examination for those NLUs where such category is admitted through CLAT 2023 rankings and not admitted directly by the concerned Universities. Please note that for admission in these categories, you will need to apply directly to the concerned NLU in addition to appearing for the CLAT exam. Please refer to the NLU website for more information.
    • Information regarding the details of intake, reservation policies and the courses offered along with the fee structures of various participating National Law Universities is available in the Information Brochure which can be accessed from the official website of CLAT and also from the websites of the participating NLUs. The candidates are, therefore, advised to thoroughly go through the rules, policies and the fee structure of the participating NLUs before filling in the application form for UG courses, and also for the NRI and Foreign National seats.
    • Information provided in the e-Brochure regarding the intake, reservation policy, fee, courses offered and the subjects taught at various levels including the areas of specialization, etc., has been specified very briefly. For detailed information regarding the same, the candidates may refer to the information available at the websites of the participating NLUs.
    • Candidates are advised to visit CLAT 2023 website regularly for updates. The allotment of seats and the offer for admission under CLAT 2023 shall be provisional and shall not create any right of admission in favour of a candidate.
    Other instructions
    • The online enrolment for CLAT 2023 will open on 8th August, 2022 and close on 13th November, 2022.
    • The application form, complete in all respects and after payment of fees must be finally submitted and paid on or before 13th November, 2022 (11:59 P.M.). Incomplete application forms shall not be considered. The candidates shall fill and submit the application form well in time to avoid last minute hassles. The CLAT Office or the organizing University shall in no case be responsible for any incomplete information or misinformation or inconvenience faced by the candidate in this regard.
    • The candidates are first required to register themselves at the CLAT 2023 website by using personal mobile number and e-mail Id. Upon registration, an OTP will be sent to the registered mobile number for validation. Once the mobile number is validated, candidates can login using the registered mobile number and the password provided at the time of registration.
    • Please fill the form carefully. The Name of the candidate and the parents shall be spelt correctly in the application as it appears in the Certificates/Mark sheets/Identity proof. Any change/alteration found may disqualify the candidature.
    • Please note that once the application is submitted and paid, the candidate cannot change the program, category, and BPL field.
    • Updates to application form will be not be entertained after the closure date.
    • The candidates are required to read the instructions carefully and furnish correct and authentic information. In case the information furnished at any stage of the application, examination and admission process is found to be false or incorrect or if there is any discrepancy or mismatch between the information furnished by the candidate at the relevant section and the certificates/documents produced at the time of admission, the provisional admission offered to the candidate shall stand cancelled with immediate effect without assigning any further reason and the candidate shall stand disqualified from being considered for further admission to the NLUs by the CLAT Consortium Office.
    • The candidate shall fill his/her preference order for all 22 NLUs after the results are declared.
    • The candidates are requested to choose the program (UG/PG) and category correctly. Requests for change of program or category in the application form will not be entertained.
    • In the event of unforeseen incidents resulting in the cancellation of a Test city or centre, or insufficient or extra number of candidates opting to appear from a particular Test Centre, the Convenor, CLAT 2023 reserves the right to cancel such a City/Centre and shift the applicant to another City/Centre
    • In order to claim the benefit of reservation, the candidate must produce the relevant certificates as prescribed by the Government of India/State Government and as required by the respective NLU at the time of admission, as notified by them.
    • The CLAT 2023 application fee is non-refundable and non-adjustable.
    • Participating National Law Universities reserve the right to change the total number of seats and break-up of seats as per their policy before the final allotment. The reservation policy is subject to change as decided by the concerned Government from time to time.
    • If a candidate has filled-in more than one online application form, the candidate's last online application form only will be considered. In such cases, the application fee for the previous application forms will not be refunded.
    Documents to be uploaded with the Online Application.
    • Front facing passport size recent photograph with plain background.
    • Signature of the candidate
    • Category certificate if you are applying under SC/ST/OBC
    • Relevant certificate issued by competent authority if you are applying if candidate is P.W.D
    • Relevant certificate issued by competent authority if you are coming under BPL category
    NOTE:
    • The original certificates/documents issued by the competent authority as specified in the brochure are to be submitted to the allotted University in the form and manner as specified by the respective universities at the time of admission.
    • The photograph and signature of the candidate need not be attested while submitting the Online Application Form.
    • All documents/certificates should be uploaded in pdf format only.
    Application Fee
    • Application fees can be paid online only.
    • Application fee for General/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI candidates: Rs. 4,000/-.
    • Application fee for SC/ST/BPL category candidates: Rs. 3,500/-.
    • The cost of previous years' question papers is Rs.500/- (not included in the CLAT 2023 application fee of Rs.4,000/- or Rs.3,500/- as the case may be.)
    • The candidates themselves will have to bear the bank transaction charges for remitting the fee online. The actual bank transaction charges will be displayed in the payment gateway page after candidates choose the mode of payment.
    • Application Fees is non-refundable.
    Admit Card/Hall ticket
    • The Admit Card/Hall ticket can be downloaded by the candidate by logging into his/her account. The exact date on which the hall tickets will be made available will be intimated on the website.

Post Graduate

    + Eligibility

    • An Ll.B. Degree or an equivalent examination with a minimum of Fifty percent (50%) marks or its equivalent grade in case of candidates belonging to General/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI categories and Forty-Five percent (45%) marks or its equivalent grade in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.
    • Candidates appearing for their qualifying examination in April/May 2023 are also eligible to apply.
    • There is no upper age limit for appearing for the CLAT 2023.
    • Tie Breaker Rule : In case of equal marks, the break of tie shall be by the following procedure and order as under:
      • Higher age;
      • Computerised draw of lots.

    + Syllabus & Guide

    The PG-CLAT 2023 will feature an emphasis on the comprehension abilities of the students. It shall be of 120 minutes duration, with one sections:
    • The first section would include 120 objective-type questions carrying 1 mark each. There shall be a negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer.
    The paper will be based on the mandatory subjects of the undergraduate program and include Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Law of Contract, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law, Property Law, Company Law, Public International Law, Tax Law, Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.

    Objective Section
    In this section of the PG-CLAT 2023, you will be provided extracts from primary legal materials such as important court decisions in various fields of law, statutes or regulations. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate the:
    • Ability to read and comprehend the issues discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;
    • Awareness of the issues discussed in the passage, as well as of legal issues and facts related to and arising out of the passage and the judgment or statute from which it is extracted;
    • Summarise the passage and
    • Ability to apply your knowledge of the fields of law discussed in the passage.

    Preparing for the PG-CLAT 2023
    As part of your preparations for the PG-CLAT 2023, you should:
    • Read and refresh your knowledge of important judgments, and try to discern various issues discussed in such judgments;
    • Refresh your knowledge of important constitutional and legislative provisions, particularly those that may have been discussed in recent judgments; it would also be useful to ensure you are aware of historical case law and amendments related to such provisions, so that you have a more complete awareness of such provisions and the issues related to them;

    + Question Paper Format

    Maximum Marks 150
    Duration of CLAT 2022 Exam 02:00 Hours
    Multiple-Choice Questions 120 questions of one mark each
    Syllabus:
    1. Constitutional Law
    2. Other areas of law such as Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Law of Contract, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law, Property Law, Company Law, Public International Law, Tax Law, Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law
    Negative Marking 0.25 Mark will be deducted for each wrong answer

    + Instructions

    General Instructions
    • The CLAT 2023 examination will be held in OFFLINE mode
    • The applications have to be submitted ONLINE only from consortiumofnlus.ac.in website.
    • The date of examination is scheduled on 18th December, 2022 from 2 PM to 4 PM. (Subject to revision in case of necessity).
    • Indian Nationals/NRIs/PIO/OCI seeking admission in either of the PG programmes shall appear in CLAT 2023.
    • Foreign Nationals need not appear for the test
    • For any information relating to the 18 NLUs, the candidate may refer to the e-brochure of the respective Institutions available in the Consortium website.
    • For NRI/NRI Sponsored/Foreign National seats, the applicants are advised to refer to the e-brochures as well as the websites of the respective NLUs for more details. All NRI Category candidates have to appear for the CLAT 2023 examination for those NLUs where such category is admitted through CLAT 2023 rankings and not admitted directly by the concerned Universities. Please note that for admission in these categories, you will need to apply directly to the concerned NLU in addition to appearing for the CLAT exam. Please refer to the NLU website for more information.
    • Information regarding the details of intake, reservation policies and the courses offered along with the fee structures of various participating National Law Universities is available in the Information Brochure which can be accessed from the official website of CLAT and also from the websites of the participating NLUs. The candidates are, therefore, advised to thoroughly go through the rules, policies and the fee structure of the participating NLUs before filling in the application form for PG courses, and also for the NRI and Foreign National seats.
    • Information provided in the e-Brochure regarding the intake, reservation policy, fee, courses offered and the subjects taught at various levels including the areas of specialization, etc., has been specified very briefly. For detailed information regarding the same, the candidates may refer to the information available at the websites of the participating NLUs.
    • Candidates are advised to visit CLAT 2023 website regularly for updates. The allotment of seats and the offer for admission under CLAT 2023 shall be provisional and shall not create any right of admission in favour of a candidate.
    Other instructions
    • The online enrolment for CLAT 2023 will open on 8th August 2022 and close on 13th November, 2022.
    • The application form, complete in all respects and after payment of fees must be finally submitted on or before 13th November, 2022 (11:59 P.M.). Incomplete application forms shall not be considered. The candidates shall fill and submit the application form well in time to avoid last minute hassles. The CLAT Office or the organizing University shall in no case be responsible for any incomplete information or misinformation or inconvenience faced by the candidate in this regard.
    • Candidates are first required to register themselves at the CLAT 2023 website by using personal mobile number and e-mail Id. Upon registration, an OTP will be sent to the registered mobile number for validation. Once the mobile number is validated, candidates can login using mobile number and the password provided at the time of registration.
    • Please fill the form carefully. The Name of the candidate and the parents should be spelt correctly in the application as it appears in the Certificates/Mark sheets/Identity proof. Any change/alteration found may disqualify the candidature.
    • Please note that once the application is submitted and paid, the candidate cannot change the program, category, and BPL field.
    • Updates to application form will not be entertained after the closure date.
    • The candidates are required to read the instructions carefully and furnish correct and authentic information. In case the information furnished at any stage of the application, examination and admission process is found to be false or incorrect or if there is any discrepancy or mismatch between the information furnished by the candidate at the relevant section and the certificates/documents produced at the time of admission, the provisional admission offered to the candidate shall stand cancelled with immediate effect without assigning any further reason and the candidate shall stand disqualified from being considered for further admission to the NLUs by the CLAT Consortium Office.
    • The candidate shall fill his/her preference order for all NLUs after the results are declared.
    • The candidates are requested to choose the program (UG/PG) correctly. Requests for change of program in the application form will not be entertained.
    • In the event of unforeseen incidents resulting in the cancellation of a Test city or centre, or insufficient or extra number of candidates opting to appear from a particular Test Centre, the Convenor, CLAT 2023 reserves the right to cancel such a City/Centre and shift the applicant to another City/Centre
    • In order to claim the benefit of reservation, the candidate must produce the relevant certificates as prescribed by the Government of India/State Government and as required by the respective NLU at the time of admission, as notified by them.
    • The CLAT 2023 application fee is non-refundable and non-adjustable.
    • Participating National Law Universities reserve the right to change the total number of seats and break-up of seats as per their policy before the final allotment. The reservation policy is subject to change as decided by the concerned Government from time to time.
    • If a candidate has filled-in more than one online application form, the candidate's last online application form only will be considered. In such cases, the application fee for the previous application forms will not be refunded.
    Documents to be uploaded with the Online Application.
    • Front facing passport size recent photograph with plain background
    • Signature of the candidate
    • Category certificate if you are applying under SC/ST/OBC
    • Relevant certificate issued by competent authority if candidate is applying under P.W.D
    • Relevant certificate issued by competent authority if candidate is applying under BPL category
    NOTE:
    • The original certificates/documents issued by the competent authority as specified in the brochure are to be submitted to the allotted University in the form and manner as specified by the respective universities at the time of admission.
    • The photograph and signature of the candidate need not be attested while submitting the Online Application Form.
    • All documents/certificates should be uploaded in pdf format only.
    Application Fee
    • Application fees can be paid online only.
    • Application fee for General/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI candidates: Rs. 4,000/-
    • Application fee for SC/ST/BPL category candidates: Rs. 3,500/-
    • The cost of previous years' question papers is Rs.500/- (not included in the CLAT 2023 application fee of Rs.4,000/- or Rs.3,500/- as the case may be.)
    • The candidates themselves will have to bear the bank transaction charges for remitting the fee online. The actual bank transaction charges will be displayed in the payment gateway page after the candidates choose the mode of payment.
    • Application Fees is non-refundable.
    Admit Card/Hall ticket
    • The Admit Card/Hall ticket can be downloaded by the candidate by logging into his/her account. The exact date on which the hall tickets will be made available will be intimated on the website.
For registration related queries:
Email: clat@consortiumofnlus.ac.in
Phone: +91 80471 62020
(10:00 A.M. to 05:00 P.M. on all working days)
Source: consortiumofnlus.ac.in

Examination Results 2022
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